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gregory gifts and commodities summary

29. november, 2020

Mai Ajánlat

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Book Review: Chris Gregory, Gifts and Commodities, 2nd edition. Instead, those concerned with economy are adopting more systemic, macroscopic approaches. the 2010 documentary Inside Job). Christopher A. Gregory’s Gifts and commodities is one of the undisputed classics of economic anthropology. Hence, the text critiques the ubiquitous … Gregory’s power to shake things up and to lift the bar for anthropological debate in a wide range of areas remains as strong as ever. Gifts and commodities is, at once, a critique of neoclassical economics and development theory, a critical history of colonial Papua New Guinea, and … Site Map Hence the charge outlined by Gregory, that the economic method is insufficient, has potentially huge ramifications. Scientific Style and Format March 2015, View Full Outside the USA, see our On its publication in 1982, it spurred intense, ongoing debates about gifts and gifting, value, exchange, and the place of political economy in anthropology. This new edition, we hope, will maintain and perhaps help to elevate the work’s status as a rigorous counter -argument to theories that remain largely unquestioned in political decision-making.". —Martha Macintyre, University of Melbourne, editor (with Mary Patterson) of Managing modernity in the Western Pacific. “Gregory’s work constitutes probably the single most important body of economic anthropology produced in the last half century. Unlike commodity economies, which emphasize production and productive consumption, gift economies (correctly identified by Mauss as an earlier evolutionary stage) privilege consumption and consumptive production. Yet, as Gregory notes in the preface to the second edition, much of the book’s reception has remained within in the discipline, and to his disappointment it ‘has had no impact on the thinking in the dominant mainstream paradigm: members of the economics discipline have simply ignored it’ (p. x1iv). The agents of the gift economy are not driven by profit maximization but pursue self-replacement (social reproduction), exemplified through inter-clan exchanges, and above all through the gift of women in marriage. Christopher A. Gregory’s Gifts and Commodities is one of the undisputed classics of economic anthropology. The idea that gift-exchange is a form of economy contrary to that of the market-exchange was later developed by Gregory for whom gifts belong to the sphere of the household and personal relationships, while commodities belong to the sphere of trade and impersonal relationships. . An indispensable part of any collection on economic anthropology or Papua New Guinea. There are signs that this shift is begin to reverse itself, and Gregory’s book is timely because it is a useful reminder of the strength of more systemic approaches and of the ways that they can help us to make sense of a range of phenomena in a range of societies…. Gifts and Commodities Chris A. Gregory No preview available - 2015. 2 (2016): 197-199. In so doing, he disputes the relevance and applicability of neoclassical economic concepts, methods, and theory for the investigation of non-capitalist economic organization and development. Christopher A. Gregory’s Gifts and Commodities is one of the undisputed classics of economic anthropology. He argues that the model incorrectly universalizes categories specific to Western capitalism, which have in turn resulted in dismissive explanations of gift exchange as a primitive form of capitalism, hindering the analysis of local realities. One reason is that, since around 2000, neoclassical economics, with its methodological individualism, has lost much of the authority that it had in the last quarter of the twentieth century. Search. Hence the charge outlined by Gregory, that the economic method is insufficient, has potentially huge ramifications. Echoing Stephen Gudeman’s contemporaneous interest in the cultural construction of material livelihoods, Gregory pays close attention to ethnographic accounts of food and commensality, of fertility, sexuality, and cosmology. ", "Despite the difficulty the reader may have with this text, the original work remains an inspiration for any student wishing to publish anthropological theory that reaches and engages with debates outside the discipline. Gifts and Commodities is, at once, a critique of neoclassical economics and development theory, a critical history of colonial Papua New Guinea, and a comparative ethnography of exchange in Melanesian societies. On its publication in 1982, it spurred intense, ongoing debates about gifts and gifting, value, exchange, and the place of political economy in anthropology. University of Chicago Press: 1427 E. 60th Street Chicago, IL 60637 USA | Voice: 773.702.7700 | Fax: 773.702.9756 Echoing Stephen Gudeman’s contemporaneous interest in the cultural construction of material livelihoods, Gregory pays close attention to ethnographic accounts of food and commensality, of fertility, sexuality, and cosmology. . Website. Christopher A. Gregory’s Gifts and commodities is one of the undisputed classics of economic anthropology. In that same last quarter of the twentieth century, many in the discipline rejected their own systemic, macroscopic approaches and adopted orientations that are more individualistic. Gregory’s book is timely because it begins with a substantial consideration of key elements of neoclassical economics, presented in terms of what Gregory calls ‘economics’, and contrasts them with what is probably the most established systemic approach, political economy. —David Graeber, London School of Economics, author of Debt: The first 5,000 years. New Preface by the Author. Economics as a discipline is an, if not the, authoritative voice in domestic and global politics (cf. Essential.”, “If we want to move from recording the form of the world that we see to asking ourselves why it has taken that form, this book offers an inspiring approach.”, For more information, or to order this book, please visit https://press.uchicago.edu, University of Chicago Press: 1427 E. 60th Street, Chicago, IL 60637, Published Common terms and phrases. C. A. Gregory's Gifts and Commodities is one of the undisputed classics of economic anthropology. Yet, as Gregory notes in the preface to the second edition, much of the book’s reception has remained within in the discipline, and to his disappointment it ‘has had no impact on the thinking in the dominant mainstream paradigm: members of the economics discipline have simply ignored it’ (p. x1iv). Chicago Manual of Style Although the book is not a revision, the new thirty-three-page preface provides extensive response to works by Appadurai and others and clarifies the major points of Gregory’s analysis. Rather, he follows the models of political economy represented by Quesnay, Smith, and Marx and synthesizes their conceptual foundations with the kinship studies of Morgan, Mauss, and Levi-Strauss to develop a ‘theory of gifts’ in which consumption and reproduction based on social relationships predominate over the role of individualistic production and profit. 4 (2016): 984-989. Gifts and commodities is, at once, a critique of neoclassical economics and development theory, a critical history of colonial Papua New Guinea, and a comparative ethnography of exchange in Melanesian societies. This new edition, we hope, will maintain and perhaps help to elevate the work’s status as a rigorous counter -argument to theories that remain largely unquestioned in political decision-making. Turabian Gifts and Commodities, Part 4 Chris A. Gregory Snippet view - 1982. Concluding, Gregory emphasizes the neoclassical model’s poor explanatory potential — this in my opinion is the text’s strongest contribution and renders it an enduring classic. “Gregory’s work constitutes probably the single most important body of economic anthropology produced in the last half century. [C A Gregory;] Home. It is still seen as a classic, but at the same time, in many quarters, its overall argument remains systematically misrepresented as essentializing or totalizing—in ways that should have been self-evidently … A gift economy is one which does not artificially demarcate production from consumption, as the neoclassicals do in their models. A gift economy is one which does not artificially demarcate production from consumption, as the neoclassicals do in their models. This new edition includes a foreword by anthropologist Marilyn Strathern and a new preface by the author that discusses the ongoing response to the book and the debates it has engendered, debates that have become more salient in our evermore neoliberal and globalized era. Economics as a discipline is an, if not the, authoritative voice in domestic and global politics (cf.

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