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causes of spread of buddhism

29. november, 2020

Mai Ajánlat

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Exactly hundred years later, in 387 B.C. It opposed that caste system and regarded people of all castes equally. Report a Violation, The Decline of Buddhism in India (8 Factors). This council was unique because all discussions here were carried out in Sanskrit and an analysis of Buddhism was made into the form of an encyclopedia of Buddhism called ‘Mahabivasha’. Here are some key reasons for the spread of Buddhism in Asia: India's Spiritual Reputation In the era of the Buddha, India was regarded as a pioneer in many fields. Disclaimer 9. Royal patronage of Buddhism also accounted for its rapid rise. Students from various parts of India and from outside India, reading in these universities, were attracted to Buddhism and embraced it. Kaniska ordered the gist of all discussions to be engraved on copper-plates to be preserved in stone-chambers of a stupa. Though Jainism became popular, the severity of its laws made people far away from it. Asoka deputed his children, Mahendra and Sanghamitra, to Sri Lanka for the spread of Buddhism. Soon local people were drawn to these branches of the Buddhist ‘Order’. People competed to embrace Buddhism. There was no reformer to cleanse the Brahminical faith and spread it among the people in its pure form. Buddhism also lacked the severity of Jainism, as well as the complexity of Vedic rituals. This council went a long way in making Buddhism popular. Content Guidelines 2. (or 486 B.C.) An attempt was made in the council to discuss the issues of conflicting ideas and arrive at a solution based on consensus. Information about your device and internet connection, including your IP address, Browsing and search activity while using Verizon Media websites and apps. They were singularly determined and dedicated to spread Buddhism throughout India. The common man developed a great dislike for these rituals. Buddha’s Death and the Spread of Buddhism. It did not confuse the people. They either became monks (bhikshu) or Upasakas (lay-worshippers) and led lives of austere serenity. He had ready moral solutions for problems of the people. The Prakrit language which Buddha used was the spoken language of India. India had an economic surplus, political stability and more importantly, a history of spiritual and intellectual innovation. Buddhism came to hold an unrivalled sway throughout India. The Buddha himself was a Kshatriya prince. Its followers sat together, forgetting their caste and discussed ethics and morality. As the story goes, Siddharta was born into affluence but left his life as a prince after he experienced the fabled “4 Encounters”. Rather its ‘Arya Satya’ ‘Eight-fold Path and ‘concept of non-violence’ were so simple that people could easily understand and follow these. This faction was known as ‘Mahayana’. Asoka, the emperor of India, was the cause; because he was a faithful Buddhist, so he tried to spread the Buddhism to the world, and he did. Thus, the Fourth Buddhist Council split the Buddhists into two groups, namely, ‘Hinayana’ and ‘Mahayana’, The ‘Mahayana’ sect was declared as the state-religion. How Buddhism Spread. His simple life, sweet words, life of renunciation attracted a … (or 386 B.C.) In 251 B.C. Its teachers like Shilavadra, Dharmapala, Chandrapala and Divakamitra were renowned scholars who dedicated themselves to the cause of the spread of Buddhism. Before publishing your articles on this site, please read the following pages: 1. Privacy Policy 8. 1. It was founded in India, and is based on the teachings of a prince-turned-monk named Siddharta Gautama. Copyright 10. Contrary to popular belief, Buddhism did not originate from China. Various causes were response accounted for the rise and spread of Buddhism. Image Guidelines 5. Prohibited Content 3. The Buddhist Councils played an important role for the teaching and spread of Buddhism in India. Prominent was also the role of the Universities at Nalanda, Taxila, Puspagiri and Vikramsila in the spread of Buddhism. It was in this council that the teachings of the Buddha were compiled and codified into scriptures called ‘Tripitaka’. The spread of Buddhism was thus rapid. Content Filtrations 6. A few of these causes were: 1. Practical morality, not rites and expensive rituals, came as its beacon feature and helped to set up a healthy tradition in society. Prominent among Buddha’s disciples were Ananda, Sariputta, Maudgalayana, Sudatta and Upali etc. The Buddha was kind and ego-less. Buddhism gained wide acceptance and its popularity spread like wild fire throughout India. Following the death (Mahaparinirvana) of Lord Buddha, the First-Buddhist Council was held in 487 B.C. The message of the Buddha came as a welcome relief to people already groaning under the oppressive weight of Brahmanism. The missionary zeal of Buddhism was conspicuously absent in contemporary Hinduism. Conflict of opinion split the Buddhist order into two groups or factions. HuffPost is part of Verizon Media. It was a time when people were fed up with the superstitions, complex rituals and rites and blind beliefs. Various factors worked behind its spread. Many reforms were also carried out in the Sangha. Buddhism was easily understood and people accepted it after being convinced about its simple philosophy and pleasing message. Their example influenced more and more people to follow it. The conditions of the then society favoured the rise and growth of Jainism and Buddhism. As a result. The Buddha spent forty-five years traveling across the Ganges Plains in northern India, spreading his teachings to whoever would listen. Influence of Time: 6th Century B.C. They were easily drawn to Buddhism by the simplicity of its faith and its religious tolerance. It was a time when people were fed up with the superstitions, complex rituals and rites and … The people, already fed up with Brahminical manipulations of Vedic religion, came to accept Buddhism as a soothing and refreshing change. You can change your choices at any time by visiting Your Privacy Controls. His body was cremated, and the ashes and charred bones were distributed to his followers as relics. So the popular liking could be kept sustained towards Buddhism. As compared with Jainism, Buddhism was essentially simple. The Vedic religion was understood only with the help of Sanskrit language which was the monopoly of the Brahmins. His calm composure, sweet words of simple philosophy and his life of renunciation drew the masses to him. Rise and Spread of Buddhism: Unlike Jainism, this religion spread far and wide like wild fire as it provided relief to the society overburdened with Bramhnical rites and rituals. Buddha’s Ideal Life: The personality of Buddha and the method used by him to preach the religion helped the spread of Buddhism. Kings like Prasenjit, Bimbisara, Ajatasatru, Asoka, Kanishka and Harshavardhan patronised Buddhism and helped its spread throughout India and outside, as well. To enable Verizon Media and our partners to process your personal data select 'I agree', or select 'Manage settings' for more information and to manage your choices. … The prime objective was to restore purity by cleansing the sangha of all perversions. The personality of the Buddha endeared him and his religion to the masses. it was reduced to a bundle of cumbrous rituals. The non-Brahmins in particular were drawn to its fold. and during the illustrious reign of Emperor Asoka, the Third Buddhist Council came to be held in Pataliputra, the coital of Magadha The renowned Buddhist monk Mogaliputta Tissa presided over this council. This accounted for the continuous popularity of Buddhism. This council discussed extensively about the many latent problems confronting Buddhism. In recorded time, every nook and corner of the country reverberated with the prayers of the monks (bhikshus) and the lay-worshippers (Upasikas). We and our partners will store and/or access information on your device through the use of cookies and similar technologies, to display personalised ads and content, for ad and content measurement, audience insights and product development. One was ‘Sthavira’ and the other, ‘Mahasanghika’. The Buddha spread his message in the simple language of the masses of people. TOS 7. When he was eighty years old, the Buddha accepted a meal from a blacksmith, got food poisoning, and died. Followers of this group came to practise worship of the Buddha’s image. His example of a prince renouncing the world to save humanity from sins and rebirth and wandering from place to place to convince the people with his messages and sermons came to naturally evoke awe, admiration and acceptance of the people for him and his religion. Buddhism did not believe in cast-distinctions. As a result. Plagiarism Prevention 4. The Buddhist monks and the Buddhist ‘Order’ (Sangha) did incomparable service for the spread of Buddhism. Right from its beginning in the 6th Century B.C., Buddhism had no rivals to reckon or contend with. Buddhism was inexpensive, without the expensive rituals that characterized the Vedic religion.

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